Let’s talk let’s connect | LTLC0253 | September 07, 2020 | Introduction to calligraphy | Judith Kirubha
An art of giving form to signs in expressive, harmonious and skillful manner.
Let’s Talk Let’s Connect is a co-created community of sharing and gaining knowledge. The session was started by the host SUBRADHA with a warm welcome to the facilitator and the participants.
Then the session was handed over the facilitator JUDITH KIRUBHA. She gave a brief introduction about calligraphy. The art of writing also depends on the flow and rhythm of tools used for writing.
TYPES OF CALLIGRAPHY:
BASED ON ORIGIN:
Calligraphy is an ancient art form communicated in different ways using different alphabets. Calligraphy is divided into types based on the place of origin like
· Arabic calligraphy
· Western calligraphy
· Chinese calligraphy
· Indian calligraphy and more.
Out of these, lets discuss about the Indian calligraphy.
India is mixed with different languages and scripts as we cross the borders of each state. Hindi being the official language, “Devanagiri” is one of the famous calligraphy scripts still followed and written by many. Religious text is the main carrier of Indian calligraphic art.
BASED ON STYLES:
· Faux calligraphy –Scripts created using pen or pencils.
· Brush calligraphy — The script or typography created using brush pens or markers.
· Gothic calligraphy — Bold black style of writing letters.
· Copperplate calligraphy –This an elegant and decorative style of creating scripts with thin and thick strokes with lot of flourishing details.
TOOLS AND SUPPLIES:
The basic the tools and supplies for calligraphy is pens, inks, nibs and papers.
There are two types of pens
1. Straight holder –Looks like normal pens and has a cavity in the middle to fix the nibs.
2. Oblique holder –It has separate angled flange to hold the nibs.
As a beginner, you can start with straight holders first.
There are many types of inks available in markets. Few brands of inks are mentioned below;
1. Walnut inks
2. Ori calli
3. Krishna inks
Beginners can use these inks for practice. They are also budget friendly. Ph.Martin inks are used by pro users.
The selection of papers is the most important factor to be considered. The paper must be of minimum 120 gsm for lettering. Be careful while selecting the paper or your paper may bleed and spoil your nibs too.
Nikko G nibs and Hiro 41 nibs are suggested for the use of beginners. These are flexible and can bear the varying handling pressure of beginners.
PREPARATION OF NIBS:
Clean the nibs with tissue or clean cloth. Stuck the nib in the potato for few minutes which will remove the thin film or the layer formed in the nib. After few minutes remove it from the potato and wipe it with a cloth. Now the nib is ready to use.
Once you are done with the nibs, preserve them from rusting, when exposed to sunlight or moisture.
You can also toothpastes to wash the nibs. Wipe it and store it in a air tight container.
GUIDELINES AND TECHNIQUES:
In copperplate calligraphy, letters should be parallel to 55 degree angled line. The base line is the line where the letters sit touching the waist line. For example: Letter ‘a’
All other letters lie between first ascending and first descending.
The following thin and thick lines with varied pressure makes you an expert in calligraphy.
You should always start letter with entrance stroke and end with exit stroke. The exit stroke of one letter will be the entrance stroke of next letter.
Overturn and under turn / Oval:
Make sure that your letters tucks in the oval base. This helps you in maintaining the shape of the letters.
Ascending and descending stem loop:
The transition from the thick to thin lines helps to make the letters look elegant and delicate.
Lowercase and uppercase letters alphabets are demonstrated here:
For flourishing techniques and to know more about calligraphy, you can contact the facilitator @wands_of_judi on instagram.
The interesting artistic session ended with the heartfelt love and gratitude to facilitator and participants.
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